What is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer, also known as testicular cancer, is the most common cancer that is diagnosed in men. Approximately, 200,000 men are diagnosed with testicular cancer each year in the United States. In most cases, the cancer is found within the testicles and does not spread to the rest of the body.
However, the testicles and their surrounding area, which is called the epididymis, are extremely sensitive and are frequently affected by infection. In addition, there are other factors that are linked to the development of testicular cancer, including aging, stress and lack of sleep.
Many studies have shown that men who regularly smoke cigarettes are at an increased risk of developing testicular cancer.
Most men who smoke cigarettes also have high levels of testosterone, an estrogen-like hormone that is present in semen. High testosterone levels, together with certain other risk factors, have been linked to testicular cancer.
In fact, a study published in The New England Journal of Medicine shows that high-testosterone men are twice as likely to develop prostate cancer as other men.
Prostate cancer is a deadly disease that can be treated in a variety of ways, including surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.
But it is also preventable with lifestyle changes, which can include regular exercise, adequate vitamin D and lifestyle changes such as drinking plenty of water and consuming less than 8 ounces (240 milliliters) of alcohol a day.